is growing epidemic of injuries to the throwing arm and the number
one risk factor is year round baseball. Pitch count guidelines will
serve as the cornerstone of injury-prevention in youth baseball. The
goal is to educate parents and coaches." -- Dr. James R. Andrews, M.D.
& maintain proper throwing mechanics. Improper throwing
mechanics increase force at shoulder & elbow.
NOT pitch with persistent shoulder or elbow pain. See medical
professional if pain not resolved within 5 days.
to throw. Do NOT throw to Warm-Up
winning. High pitch counts & early use of breaking pitches to
“win” increases injury risk.
year-round baseball. No throwing for 3 months between seasons to
allow throwing-arm to recover.
rest guidelines between outings.
of pitches more important than number of innings for determining
rest & recovery allows adaptation by muscles, tendons,
ligaments, connective tissue, cartilage, & bone.
maximum pitch count guidelines. Direct correlation between high
pitch-counts & shoulder / elbow injuries.
throwing breaking pitches until 14-16 years old or until athlete
radar gun readings. Young pitchers overthrow to impress scouts,
which increases risk of arm injuries.
pitches to gain velocity is mechanically inefficient &
predisposes arm to injury.
pitching in multiple leagues.
NOT practice pitching after pitched game.
NOT copy mechanics or conditioning programs of MLB players.
NOT throw overweight or underweight baseballs, which alter throwing
baseball pitching & football passing during same season.
Baseball pitching & football passing require different throwing
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